Peace and Conflict studies I

Summary

Admission requirements

General entry requirements + Civics 1b / 1a1 +1a2. Or: Civics A, English B.


For Swedish Upper Secondary Grades merit rating will be calculated according to Områdesbehörighet 6/A6

Selection:

final grades 66% national university aptitude test 34%

Syllabus

Syllabus for students spring 2019, autumn 2018

Course Code:
FK111L revision 1.2
Swedish name:
Freds- och konfliktstudier I
Level of specialisation
G1N
Main fields of study:
Peace and Conflict Studies
Language:
English
Date of ratification:
06 November 2017
Decision-making body:
Faculty of Culture and Society
Enforcement date:
28 August 2017
Replaces Syllabus ratified:
04 October 2017

Entry requirements

General entry requirements + Civics 1b / 1a1 +1a2. Or: Civics A, English B.

Specialisation and progression relative to the degree regulations

The course is part of the main field of study Peace and Conflict studies at the 1-30 credit level and meets the degree requirements for the degree of Bachelor, main field of study Peace and Conflict studies

Purpose

The aim of the course is for the students to acquire a basic understanding of Peace and Conflict Studies and its scientific development as a discipline. In addition, students will gain insights into the key theories and concepts relating to historical and contemporary conflicts. Furthermore, students will obtain an understanding of the role of international law in international armed conflicts, how threats are represented, and organized violence is legitimated. Furthermore, students will obtain an understanding of how threats are represented and organized violence is legitimated.

Contents

Contents
The course consists of four modules:
1. The history of conflicts and the idea of peace (7.5 hp)
This module gives an overview of the history of wars and conflicts as well as the history of ideas related to peace. The module also covers the rise of the contemporary global world order and its consequences.

2. The foundation of Peace and Conflict Studies (7.5 hp)
This module gives an introduction to the concepts and theories within peace and conflict studies as well as to the development of the discipline. Different experiences of organized violence are addressed.

3. United Nations in Conflict Management (7.5 hp)
This module gives an overview of the different functions, mechanisms, and conditions of public international law during and after international armed conflicts. The module gives an introduction to the United Nations’ role and challenges as the upholder of international peace and security in the contemporary international system.

4. Enemy Images (7.5 hp)
This module concerns enemy images and how they can be used to justify war. In addition, the module addresses how they arise and are reproduced. Lastly, the module discusses their consequences and how they can be counteracted.

Learning outcomes

Learning outcomes
The course consists of four modules with the following learning outcomes:

1. The history of conflicts and the idea of peace (7.5 hp)
After completing the module the student will

1. have basic knowledge about the history of ideas on the idea of peace
2. have basic knowledge about the history of warfare
3. have basic knowledge about economic history and its impact on warfare
4. have the ability to read and assimilate academic texts

2. The foundation of Peace and Conflict Studies (7.5 hp)
After completing the module the student will

1. have basic knowledge about the development of peace and conflict studies as a discipline
2. have knowledge about different forms of direct and structural violence
3. be able to explain the basic concepts of peace and conflict studies and be able to apply them
3. United Nations in Conflict Management
After completing the module the student will

  1. have basic knowledge about legal methods of peaceful settlements of international armed conflicts
  2. have basic knowledge about the legal framework regulating international armed conflict and its aftermath
  3. have knowledge about the United Nations and its role, functions and challenges as the upholder of international peace and security
  4. be able to explain the relationship between state practice and public international law in contemporary international armed conflicts
  5. be able to use basic academic formalities and academic language

4. Enemy Images (7.5 hp)
After completing the module the student will
  1. be able to independently identify and analyze enemy image constructs in different contexts
  2. have basic understanding of how enemy images and cultural violence can justify different forms of violence
  3. have basic understanding of how media and other actors create and reproduce enemy images
  4. have basic understanding of theories explaining the acceptance of enemy images as well as how enemy images can be counteracted
  5. be able to use academic formalities and academic language

Learning activities

Learning activities
The course is designed for full-time study. The teaching in each module is mainly in the form of lectures and seminars. The majority of the student’s workload consists of independent study.
Students are responsible for keeping up the reading and for coming prepared to each class. Students are expected to take their own initiatives to form reading groups.
The course is based on the students’ active participation in discussions.

Assessments

Assessments
1. The history of conflicts and the idea of peace (7.5 hp)
The students’ performance in the module is assessed by means of a formal exam (7.5 hp).
2. The foundation of Peace and Conflict Studies (7.5 hp)
Learning outcome 1, 2, and 3 are assessed by means of a formal exam (6.5 hp). Learning outcome 3 is also assessed by means of a written and oral group presentation (1 hp, pass is the only grade given).
3. United Nations in Conflict Management (7.5 hp)
The students’ performance in the module is assessed by means of an individual take home exam (7.5 hp).
4. Enemy Images (7.5 hp)
Learning outcome 1, 2 and 5 are assessed by means of a take home exam (5 hp).
Learning outcome 3 and 4 are assessed by means of an oral exam (2.5 hp).

Grading system

Excellent (A), Very Good (B), Good (C), Satisfactory (D), Pass (E) or Fail (U).

Course literature and other teaching materials

Module 1:
  • Allen Robert C. (2011). Global Economic History: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press
  • Galtung, Johan (1969) Violence, Peace, and Peace Research, Journal of Peace Research 6(3)
  • Galtung, Johan (1990) Cultural Violence, Journal of Peace Research 27(3)
  • Kant, Emmanuel (1795) Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch
  • Kende, Istvan (1989) The History of Peace: Concepts and Organizations from the Late Middle Ages to the 1870s. Journal of Peace Research 26(3)
  • Keegan, John (2004). A History Of Warfare, Pimlico
  • Nye, Joseph S., Jr. and Welch, David A. Understanding Global Conflict and Cooperation: An Introduction to Theory and History, 10th Edition. Pearson
  • Teichman, Jenny (2006) The Philosophy of War and Peace. Imprint Academic
  • Tilly, Charles (1985) “War Making and State Making as Organized Crime”, in Bringing the State Back In, Theda Skocpol, Dietrich Rueschemeyer, and Peter B. Evans (eds.), (1985)
  • Wallerstein, Immanuel (1974) Rise and Future Demise of the World Capitalist System. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 16(4)
  • Williams, Paul D (ed.) (2013) Security Studies, An Introduction, Abingdon: Routledge
Module 2:
  • Appadurai, Arjun (2000) Spectral Housing and Urban Cleansing: Notes on Millennial Mumbai. Public Culture 12(3): 627-651.
  • Aristophanes (411 BC) Lysistrata.
  • Davis, Mike (1990) Fortress LA. City of Quart, New York: Vintage Books.
  • Davis, Mike (2004) Planet of Slums. New Left Review (26): 5-34.
  • Galtung, Johan (1969) Violence, Peace and Peace Research. Journal of Peace Research 21(3): 167-191.
  • Gandy, Matthew (2006). Planning, Anti-Planning and the Infrastructure Crisis Facing Metropolitan Lagos. Urban Studies 43 (2): 371-396.
  • Herron, Jerry. (2007). Detroit: Disaster Deferred, Disaster in Progress. South Atlantic Quarterly 106(4): 663-682.
  • Kaldor, Mary (2012) New and Old Wars (third edition). Cambridge: Polity Press.
  • Leary, John Patrick. (2011). Detroitism. Guernica: A Magazine of Art and Politics 15 January.
  • Marr, Steve (forthcoming). Shrinking, Exploding: Lagos, Detroit and a Reconsideration of World Cities Theory. Antipode.
  • Norton, Richard J. (2003). Feral Cities. Naval War College Review (4): 97-106.
  • Packer, George (2006) Megacity: Decoding the Chaos of Lagos. The New Yorker 13 November.
  • Scheper-Hughes, Nancy and Philip Bourgois (2003) Violence in War and Peace: An Anthology, London: Blackwell Publishers.
  • Simone, Abdou Maliq (2001) On the Worlding of African Cities. African Studies Review 44(2): 15-41.
  • Williams, Paul D. (ed.) (2013) Security Studies, An Introduction, Abingdon: Routledge (selected parts).
Module 3:
  • Chesterman, Simon, Franck, Thomas M., & Malone, David M., 2016, Law and Practice of the United Nations, Oxford University Press
  • Henriksen, Anders, International Law, 2017, Oxford University Press
  • Weiss, Thomas G., Forthsythe, David P., Coate, Roger A & Pease, Kelly-Kate, The United Nations and Changing World Politics, 2017, 8th edition, Westview Press.
  • Williams, Paul D (ed.) (2013) Security Studies, An Introduction, Abingdon, Routledge (selected parts).
  • Legal instruments and documents, 200 pages.
Module 4:
  • Ahnaf, Muhammad I. (2006) Image of the Other as Enemy, Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books.
  • Brewer, Marilynn B. (1996) When Contact is not Enough: Social Identity and Intergroup Cooperation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 20(3-4): 291-303.
  • Carruthers, Susan L. (2011) The Media at War: Communication and Conflict in the Twentieth Century. Basingstoke: Macmillan; New York: St. Martin’s Press.
  • Entman, Robert M. (1993) Framing: Toward Clarification of a Fractured Paradigm Journal of Communication 43(4): 51-58
  • Entman Robert M. (1994) Representation and Reality in the Portrayal of Blacks on Network Television News. Journalism Quarterly 71(3): 509-520.
  • Galtung, Johan (1990) Cultural Violence. Journal of Peace Research 27(3): 291–305.
  • Harle, Vilho (2000) The Enemy with a Thousand Faces. Westport: Praeger (selected parts).
  • Keen, Sam (2004) Faces of the Enemy, Reflections of the Hostile Imagination (3rd ed). San Francisco: Harper.
  • Oppenheimer, Louis (2006). The Development of Enemy Images: A Theoretical Contribution. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 12(3) 269–292
  • Petersson, Bo (2009). ”Hot Conflict and Everyday Banality: Enemy images, scapegoats and stereotypes”. Development, 2009, 52(4), (460–465)
  • Pettigrew, Thomas F. (1998) Intergroup Contact Theory. Annual Review of Psychology 49:1: 65-85.
  • Pettigrew, Thomas F. et al. (2011). “Recent advances in intergroup contact theory”. International Journal of Intercultural Relations 35 (2011) 271–280
  • Post, Jerrold M (1999). “The Psychopolitics of Hatred: Commentary on Ervin Staub’s Article” in Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Journalism 5(4)
  • Ramasubramian, Srividya (2007). Media-Based Strategies to Reduce Racial Stereotypes Activated by News Stories. Journalism and Mass Communication Quaterly 84(2): 249-264.
  • Reyes, Antonio (2011) Strategies of legitimization in political discourse: From words to actions. Discourse & Society. 22(6) 781–807
  • The SAGE Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination (c2010). Ed. John Dovidio (London: SAGE) Chapter: 1, 4-15, 30-35
  • Silverstein, Brett (1989). Biases in the Perception and Cognition of the Actions of Enemies 45(2). 51-72
  • Silverstein, Brett (1989) Enemy Images,The Psychology of US. Attitudes and Cognitions Regarding the Soviet Union. American Psychologist, 44(6) 903-913 903-91
  • Snyder, Mark; Tanke, Elizabeth Decker; Berscheid, Ellen (1977) Social Perception and Interpersonal Behavior: On the Self-Fulfilling Nature of Social Stereotypes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 35(9): 656-666.
  • Sontag, Susan (2003) Regarding the Pain of Others, New York: Picador
  • Steiner, Kristian (2015) Images of Muslims and Islam in Swedish Christian and secular news discourse Media, War & Conflict, 28(1) 20–45
  • Steuter, Erin; Wills, Deborah (2009) Discourses of Dehumanization: Enemy Construction and Canadian Media Complicity in the Framing of the War on Terror. Global Media Journal, Canadian Edition, 2(2), pp. 7-24.
  • Worchel, Stephen (1978) Facilitation of Social Interaction Through Deindividuation of the Target. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 36(5): 549-556.

Course evaluation

Excellent (A), Very Good (B), Good (C), Satisfactory (D), Pass (E) or Fail (U).

Contact

The education is provided by the Faculty of Culture and Society at the department Department of Global Political Studies.

Further information

Kristian Steiner, Course Coordinator
Phone: 040-6657267
GPSstudent - Malmö universitet,

Application

03 September 2018 - 20 January 2019 Day-time 100% Malmö Schedule

Tuition fees

for non-EU students only

First instalment: 42000 SEK
Full tuition Fee: 42000 SEK

21 January 2019 - 09 June 2019 Day-time 100% Malmö Application period for this offer starts 17 September 2018.